After ‘Donald Cook’, the U.S. destroyer happened to appear in the Black Sea, even housewives became aware of the Russian aviation Jamming Support System (JaSS) named ‘Khibiny’. Brief gist of the matter is below. On April 15, 2014 one of the web-sites in the ‘Conjecture’ section published the topic: ‘‘Khibiny’ vs ‘Aegis’ or What scared the Pentagon so much?’ The author related an overflight of a SU-24 with the ‘Khibiny’ onboard over the ‘Donald Cook’ combat ship in the Black Sea. All the destroyer’s equipment was jammed out with the 'Khibiny' system, which skinned the ship.
Later the topic was deleted from the web-site as inappropriate. The Russian militaries, however, acknowledged the overflight, but our aircraft did not perform hostile acts, and the ‘Khibiny’ system had never been installed on SU-24s. The latter is a point at issue, though, at least due to the fact that the mock SU-24M with the jamming equipment KS-418 container was exhibited at one of the MAKS aeroshows.
THE PENTAGON IS EMPOWERED TO STATE
The official representative of the Pentagon indirectly confirmed reality of the event; he stated actions of the SU-24’s pilot provocative. In his opinion the Russian aircraft apparently had no combat weapons onboard, but it 12 times barraged in the vicinity of the U.S. Navy ship. Actually, there is nothing so special about the fact that a quite obsolete weaponless tactical bomber several times went about the newest U.S. destroyer armed cap-a-pie with air defense facilities. Such overflights used to have been common almost at each contact of potential adversaries before.
According to media reports, after the incident 27 members of the ‘Donald Cook’ crew sent tender resignations. The Pentagon also stated that the actions of the Russian SU-24 demoralized the crew. Many military experts have a consensus of opinion about using the ‘Khibiny’ system by our bomber, and the American crew was demoralized by its own acratia. In the experts’ opinion the destroyer had far away plotted the SU-24 and alerted their weapons. And suddenly all their screens went off as a smartphone’s screen used to do. The Aegis system was off, and the screens woke up when the SU went away to the Russian coast.
Skeptics, however, state that SU-24 could not truss the destroyer up due to lack of jamming power, and the phenomenon is the result of operation of another ‘Krasukha-4’ system onshore. Nevertheless, upset remained. Apparently, the reason is that both the Russian militaries, and the developers of ‘Khibiny’ were too modest bewaring the ‘international scandal’. There is one more conclusion: the efficiency of the nonlethal weapon which is the ‘Khibiny’ system, or smart weapon, may be well compared with destruction weapon.
PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
The developers of the system say it is intended for radio position finding of the ranging signal of an irradiation source with subsequent substitution of the signal’s parameters. It means that after receipt of irradiation from the opponent’s aircraft radar or air defense system this signal is distorted beyond recognition using special equipment. As a result, the opponent is at a loss: what is to be done with this? Finally, the aircraft bearing the JaSS will be traced with prolonged delay (if at all), for it will be disguised against the background of cover targets. The opponent will encounter great difficulties to determine distance to the target, its speed and circumferential position.
The system provides individual defense of the aircrafts against missile attacks from opponents’ fighter aircrafts and ground-based air defense systems; it creates protective radio field around the aircraft and, as a result, Radio Detection and Ranging equipment and guided missiles lose targets. Our aircrafts become invisible for the opponents. The implementation technology is that after the analogue microwave signal has been received from the target, the electronic combat system converts it into digital one, processes, ‘endows’ with jamming modulation, re-converts into analogue representation and emits in the direction of the target: the opponent’s weapon is ‘blind’.
The aircrafts of the front-line aviation of Russian Aerospace Forces are equipped with the ‘Khibiny’ system. As of set of equipment and devices, the tasks and efficiency of use it supersedes almost all means of electronic combat in the field of many foreign states.
BORN IN KALUGA
Now – a brief excursion into the historical domain. The development of the ‘Khibiny’ JaSS prototype started at the Scientific Radio-Technical Institute in Kaluga (SRTIK – NVO) in late 1980s. By mass and dimension parameters the first prototypes of ‘Khibiny’ were unfit for aircrafts, but the SRTIK established close cooperation with Sukhoi Construction Office, and the issue was solved. In 1990 the first prototype of ‘Khibiny’ passed acceptance tests but destruction of the USSR, reduction of military developments financing considerably slowed down the R&D works.
The first flight of the aircraft with the ‘Khibiny’ jamming support system was performed only in January 1995.
Apart from the individual defense jamming support system additional incremental set of ‘Khibiny’ in suspension units for group defense of aircrafts was developed. At present SRTIK has mastered batch production of these means of defense and supplies them to the Russian Ministry of Defense.
The Russian aircrafts participating in the Aerospace Forces operation in Syria since 2014 are equipped with the ‘Khibiny’ and ‘Khibiny-M’ systems. They include systems of communications surveillance and active jamming. Also, export configuration – SAP – of the “Khibiny’ system has been developed. The ‘Khibiny’ equipment is installed in the containers at the ends of the wings, as well as in the compartment behind the cockpit.
The ‘Radio-electronic technologies’ (RETC) concern officially stated that the aircrafts of the Russian Aerospace Forces are equipped with the newest “Khibiny’ systems: at SU-34 means of both individual, and group defense are installed, the ‘Khibiny-M’ system is installed on the newest SU-35 and SU-27SM3. It is in this variant Russia offers for export the most modern means of electronic combat tested in the combat conditions in Syria.
In the presentation of the ‘Khibiny-M’ aviation system of individual defense prepared by the ‘Radio-electronic technologies’ (RETC) concern for MAKS-2017 the goal of the equipment was described: individual defense of SU-35 and SU-27SM3 aircrafts against attacks of aviation missile interception complexes and means of air defense. Types of intercepted objects: onboard Radio Detection and Ranging equipment of F-14, F-22, F-35 aircrafts, Rafal, ‘Patriot’ air defense systems, TLVS, SAMP, guided missiles AMRAAM. Probability of attack failure is assessed at the level of at least 0.9.
Each product issued by the ‘Radio-electronic technologies Concern’ (RETC) is unique and inimitable. They combine the latest scientific and technical achievements of the Russian Military-Industrial Complex. JaSS is undoubtedly the leader among the main Russian manufacturers of the electronic combat systems. Its market share is up to 60%. The following aircrafts are equipped with the means and systems of electronic combat developed at the concern: SU-25, SU-27CM3, SU-30SM, SU-34, SU-35S, IL-76, IL-78, IL-96, TU-214, helicopters MI-8, MI-26, MI-28, MI-35 and KA-52, surface ships of the projects 1144, 1164, 1155, 956, 11540, 22350, 20380, 21631.
The most favorable conditions for the concern is at the aviation systems and electronic combat means market. This is explained by growth of demand for these means in the world. The terms are also dictated by the expected growth of supply of Russian aircrafts, as well as increase of the aircraft share supplied with the electronic combat means of individual and group defense. Besides, it is expected that the foreign states will purchase the means of electronic combat during upgrade of their own fleet of the aircrafts and helicopters manufactured in Russia.
Source: Independent Military Digest
Concern Radio-Electronic Technologies (KRET) is the largest Russian holding group in the radio-electronics industry. Established in 2009. A subsidiary of Rostec State Corporation. The core activities of the Company are as follows: development and manufacture of airborne avionics systems and packages for civil and military aviation, radiolocators and radars, IFF code identification equipment, electronic warfare systems (EW systems), and measurement equipment for various purposes. The Concern's enterprises manufacture, among other products, state-of-the-art household and medical appliances, industrial equipment and control systems for the fuel and energy complex, transport, and machine building industry. The Concern includes more than 76 research institutes, design bureaus, R&D companies, and production facilities located in the territory of 29 constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Total headcount is approximately 54’000 employees.
The Rostec Corporation is a Russian corporation established in 2007 for the purpose of facilitating the development, manufacture, and export of high-tech products for military and civilian applications. The Concern comprises more than 700 organisations, among which are 9 holding companies in the military and industrial complex, 6 holdings in civil industries, and 32 organisations under direct management. Rostec’s portfolio includes such well-known brands as AVTOVAZ, KAMAZ, Kalashnikov Group, Russian Helicopters, VSMPO-AVISMA (Verkhnesaladinskoye metallurgical company), and others. Rostec Сorporation’s companies and enterprises are located in the territories of 60 constituent entities of the Russian Federation and supply products to the markets of more than 70 countries. In 2015, the consolidated revenue of Rostec State Corporation was 1.14 trillion roubles. In 2015, the average salary in the Corporation was 41,000 roubles, and the Corporation’s tax payments to public budgetary funds all levels amounted to more than 160 billion roubles. According to Rostec’s new strategy, the Corporation’s main goal is to ensure Russia’s technological advantage in the competitive global market. The planned investments into development projects amount to 4.3 trillion roubles by 2025.